Agriculture has been the primary occupation of the people of the district. Cultivable land may be classified as wet, dry, garden and plantations. Rice is the most important crop cultivated in the wet lands.
Tapioca and pulses are the important dry-land crops.
The district is second highest producer of tapioca in the state after Kollam.
The district has the second position in the cultivation of plantain. Papaya is the other commonly cultivated fruit in the district.
Coconut, one of the most important crops of the district, is cultivated in an area of 843.08 km2 (325.5 sq mi)
The annual production is about 516 million coconuts. Rubber cultivation is mainly confined to Nedumangad taluk.
There are about 269.99 km2 (104.2 sq mi) of rubber plantations and the annual production is estimated at 30,717 tonnes.
Newly introduced agricultural development schemes have opened new vistas in this field. Fresh schemes are introduced in every panchayat with a view to maximise yield per unit area by exploiting the production potential of paddy and vegetables
Cashew is grown in 21.84 km2 (8.4 sq mi) of land and the production is about 1,745 tonnes
Pepper cultivation covers an area of 50.9 km2 (19.7 sq mi), and the yield is about 1824 tonnes
Soil conservation projects are being implemented with subsidy and loans
The district has a total cultivated area of 218,267 hectares (842.73 sq mi)
Paddy, tapioca, coconut, rubber, pepper, banana, mango and cashews are the prominent crops
The average per-family holding of farmland is 0.21 hectares (2,100 m2)
70 percent of the district's labor force is engaged in agriculture or allied activities
Kollam is historically known for Cashew nut cultivation and is home to a number of cashew nut factories. However on analyzing the area of last few years, it is seen that the area of cashew cultivation is continuously decreasing in the district
Kollam district occupies the first position in the production of Tapioca and Tuber (Colocasia and Yam) in the state
Agriculture is the main occupation of the people
About 75% people are dependent on this sector
Rubber is the most important crop, with its plantations covering over 478 square kilometres (185 sq mi)
The hilly terrain coupled with high humidity makes the region suitable for rubber plantations
Paddy is the most important crop cultivated in the wet lands
Tapioca and pulses are the important dry land crops
Other major crops are coconut, banana, pepper and ginger
In certain areas cashew, pineapple, sugarcane, cocoa and other tree spices are cultivated
The land available for cultivation is less since sizeable area of the district is reserve forest
The major occupation in Alappuzha is farming. The Rice Bowl of Kerala, Kuttanadu is located in Alappuzha
The district is a sandy strip of land intercepted by lagoons, rivers and canals.
There are neither mountains nor hills in the district except some scattered hillocks lying between Bharanikkavu and Chngannur blocks in the eastern portion of the district
The economy of the district is predominantly based on agriculture and marine products. The agricultural activities predominantly revolve around Kuttanad region, the rice bowl of Kerala
Though the district is industrially backward, some traditional industries based on coir and coir products, marine products, handlooms, different types of handicrafts, toddy tapping, have been active from the very early times
The major soils found in Alappuzha are Sandy,Peaty & Kari,Alluvial,Laterite etc
Kottayam has a mountainous terrain as well as low lying areas very close to sea level
Depending on the location different varieties of food crops as well as cash crops are cultivated
Rice is the principal crop extensively cultivated in low lying regions like Vaikom and Upper Kuttanad
The district occupies the third position in the production of rice behind Palakkad and Alappuzha. Though it is the staple food of the people, unfortunately the area under cultivation is dwindling due to more lucrative cash crops like rubber plantations for which Kottayam significantly contributes to the overall rubber production in India
Kottayam occupies the first position in the production of rubber in India
Rubber trees provide a stable income for the farmers and climate is ideal for rubber plantations
Other crops cultivated are tapioca, coconut, pepper, vegetables etc
In order to enhance the rubber productivity, government of India has set up Rubber board and Rubber research institute in Kottayam
This District has the agro-climatic conditions suitable for the cultivation of plantation crops like tea, coffee, rubber, coconut, cardamom, pepper, etc
The District acquired 2nd place in the state in agriculture produces. Small and marginal farmers are predominant in the district.
In High land areas there are large holdings of plantations of tea, cardamom etc. owned by corporate bodies and private agencies.
This District, a creation of God's natural beauty, has Tea Gardens in the north while major hilly areas have Cardamom plantation
Rubber, Coffee and Coconut are the other important crops in the district. More than 80 per cent of the cropped area is under perennial crops
The district is declared as a `Spices District` and a 'Technology Mission' has been set up for the development of spices
Main Cultivators are about 85,723 and Main Agricultural labourers are about 1,12,391
Paddy cultivation is comparatively less
The eastern part of the district is primarily agrarian in nature
Rice is the principal crop cultivated in the wet lands
The area under paddy cultivation in the district has been decreasing steadily over the past 3 decades
Ernakulam district is the largest producer of nutmeg and pineapple in the state.The area of nutmeg cultivation is showing an upward trend continuously
More than 70% of the total pineapple produced in the state is cultivated in the district
Pineapple is largely cultivated in Muvattupuzha and Vazhakulam
Rubber is the most cultivated plantation crop in the district and the district is the second largest producer of rubber in the state behind Kottayam
The other important crops cultivated in the district are Tapioca, Black pepper, Arecanut, Coconut, Turmeric, Banana and Plantain
Paddy cultivation is by far the largest agricultural practice pursued by a major section of the people.
The low lying lands are cultivated with paddy and are fit only for this purpose
The coconut palm dominates the garden crops of the district
Among the condiments and spices grow in the district the areca nut is the most important
A large variety of fruit trees are also grown in the district
The district has a tropical humid climate with an oppressive hot season and plentiful and fairly assured seasonal rainfall.
The average annual rainfall is 31590 4mm.
Palakkad is the one of the most agrarian districts in Kerala
Palakkad is particularly known for paddy cultivation
Paddy is cultivated in around 83,998 Hectares in the district and occupies the first position in the production of rice in the state
Palakkad also occupies the first position in the state for the production of groundnut, tamarind, turmeric, tuber, vegetables, pulses, mango, banana, plantain and cotton
Rubber, Coconut, Areca nut, Black pepper etc. are also cultivated extensively like other parts of Kerala
Malappuram is a hilly terraced tract
The innumerable streams that meander these hills reach the coconut fringed and picturesque sea coast
In many places, these streams are linked with backwaters which facilitate a network of inland waterways
The midland region is fertile with thick coconut groves while the hilly tract has dense forests and extensive teak plantations apart being the source of innumerable streams and rivers
The geographical conditions of city area and suburban areas are similar to the other parts of the district falling in coastal and midland zones
The region comprising Kozhikode Corporation and peri-urban blocks belong to the low- and midlands in the typical classification of land in Kerala as low-, mid- and highlands
Lagoons and backwaters characterise the lowland, which receives runoff from the rivers
The lowland is often subjected to salinity intrusion
The coastal plains exhibit more or less flat, narrow terrain with landforms such as beach ridges, sandbars, and backwater marshes
The average annual rainfall is 3,266 mm
Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy
Coffee, tea, cocoa, pepper, plantain and vanilla are the main crops
It is a revenue state due to foreign exchange of these cash crops and other condiments
Besides the cash crops, the most important crop in the district is rice.
Wayanad has two or more rices with their own properties, Wayanad Jeerakasala Rice and Wayanad Gandhakasala Rice are among the most aromatic rices in world
The higher elevation and forest cover creates a comfortable and a cool climate
A majority of the population of the district is dependent directly or indirectly on agriculture for their livelihood
The main crops grown in the district are paddy, coconut, pepper, cashew, tapioca, arecanut and plantation crops like rubber
Paddy occupies the largest area among annual crops
coconut is the most important crop in the district.
An important cash crop grown in the district is cashewnut
Among spices, pepper occupies an important place
Pepper is mostly grown as an intercrop with coconut, arecanut and fruit trees
About 55% of the rubber cultivation of Kannur district is in Iritty taluk, followed by Thaliparamba, Thalassery and Kannur taluks
The yield of rubber per hectare varies from 2000 kg to 4000 kg
Agriculture forms the mainstay of the population of the district
The soil in the three natural divisions generally fall under three types. In the highland region it is laterite. In the midland, the soil is a red ferruginous loam of laterite origin with an admixture of clay and sand. The coastal strip is sandy
The eastern tract comprises of forests and hilly areas
The important crops are rubber, cashew and ginger
In the skeletal plateau areas, cashew trees are cultivated, while in some patches, arecanut, pepper and cocoa are grown
In the coastal tract, paddy, coconut, arecanut, cashew, tobacco, vegetable and tapioca are cultivated